There are 123 men held at the Federal Correctional Institution in Sheridan, OR, majority of them from India. Photo credit: www.bop.gov
US lawmakers denounce President Trumpâ€™s cruel and callous â€˜zero-toleranceâ€™ immigration policy.
WASHINGTON, DC: Under President Donald Trumpâ€™s â€˜zero-toleranceâ€™ immigration policy, 52 Indian nationals are being held by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) at a federal prison in Oregon without any meaningful legal access which is in violation of the US Constitution, federal immigration laws and international treaties.
Earlier this month, ICE announced it would send some 1,600 immigration detainees trying to enter the US along the border with Mexico to federal prisons in five states. Currently, there are 123 men being held at the Federal Correctional Institution in Sheridan, the majority hailing from India.
Members of Oregonâ€™s Congressional delegation â€“ Senators Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, Representatives Suzanne Bonamici and Earl Blumenauer â€“ who were able to meet the detainees on the eve of fatherâ€™s day told journalists about the appalling conditions in which they are being held since mid-May.
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The immigrant civil detainees are confined inside the federal prison for upwards of 23 hours a day. Three men are bunked in each cell as the facility does not have adequate resources to house ICE detainees along with the pre-trial inmates who are normally held there. Several men have been separated from their families with no information about their location or condition.
US lawmakers revealed that the â€œICE detainees described stress as they sit in cells day after day without knowing when they will get a hearing or get a lawyer or what comes next.â€
â€œWhat I saw at Sheridan was inhumane,â€ Senator Wyden said. â€œAmerica is better than President Trumpâ€™s cruel and callous treatment of asylum seekers that rips apart families and denies them regular medical care or access to legal and spiritual counsel.â€
Among the Indian nationals he met were Sikhs and Christians who claimed they are fleeing persecution, a commonplace assertion made by asylum-seekers.
Besides India, the detainees hail from Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Russia, Brazil, Cameroon, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Mauritania, Peru, as well as Congo and Eritrea â€“ two of the most common countries of origin for asylum-seekers in the US.
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â€œIt is not a crime to come to the United States to seek asylum; in fact, it is a right provided by international treatyâ€, Congresswoman Bonamici said after meeting the immigrant detainees â€œwho came to the United States seeking a better lifeâ€.
â€œAnd even if they are not able to win their case in front of an immigration judge, they have the right to make that case. And they certainly should not be incarcerated in prisons and separated from their families while their cases are pendingâ€, she reasoned.
Senator Wyden said he would like a copy of the contract between the immigration enforcement agency and the Bureau of Prisons that â€œdefines and allows ICE to put their detainees in federal prisons.â€
In a statement, Thursday, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Foundation of Oregon revealed, â€œOur legal teams again went to the federal prison in Sheridan for planned visits with ICE detainees and again were turned away. Clergy and faith leaders were also denied access.â€
Stephen Manning, executive director of Innovation Law Lab, weighed in, â€œDetention should never be used to punish or deter a person from applying for asylum to save his life. It is a core principle of the United States that no person in this country should be imprisoned without due process of lawâ€.
On Monday, a vigil was held outside the federal prison in Sheridan which drew over 1,200 people, a record crowd for the city with just over 6,000 residents. Activists held signs which read: â€˜Seeking asylum is not a crimeâ€™; â€˜No human being is illegalâ€™; â€˜Families belong togetherâ€™; â€˜We all have a moral responsibility to disobey unjust lawsâ€™; and â€˜Liberty and justice for all.â€™ They raised their voices in support of the detainees hoping those housed inside the prison could hear and know they are not alone.
Senator Merkley decried what he called the Trump administrationâ€™s new message to asylum-seekers: â€œWe will treat you as a criminal, lock you up, and rip away your children.â€
â€œThis is a stain on our nation, and President Trump and (US Attorney General) Jeff Sessions need to listen to the outcry from Americans across the country and end this cruel and immoral policy,â€ Merkley said.
Senator Wyden minced no words in denouncing what he called â€œthe grotesque Trump treatment â€“ lumping detainees together, separating children from parents and dumping human beings like waste into prisons.â€
â€œWhat Senator Merkley, Rep. Bonamici, Rep. Blumenauer and I saw in Sheridanâ€™s federal prison demonstrates that the Trump â€˜zero toleranceâ€™ policy makes zero sense and shows zero understanding of American values,â€ he told journalists.
At a shadow hearing on Capitol Hill, Thursday, Congresswoman Bonamici spoke about her visit to the federal prison housing the ICE detainees which, she admitted, shook her to the core. Noting that there are 123 men who are seeking asylum and that no women are in this federal prison, the lawmaker disclosed, â€œseveral of them came to this country with children, sometimes with a spouse. They all thought that they entered at an appropriate border crossing.â€
â€œInterestingly, a lot of the men were from India seeking political asylum. They all came in at regular border crossings,â€ Bonamici said, adding they have no idea about the whereabouts of their spouse or children. â€œNow, we are hearing about people being deported while their children remain in the United States,â€ she lamented.
The shadow hearing was hosted by Democratic Congresswomen Pramila Jayapal of Washington and Lucille Roybal-Allard of California, co-chairs of the Womenâ€™s Working Group on Immigration Reform and drew nearly two dozen lawmakers including House Democratic Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California. The standing room only event focused on examining the impact and human cost of President Trumpâ€™s draconian family separation policy.
The turnout was impressive given that House members were set to vote on a conservative GOP immigration bill that afternoon which President Trump supports.
Jayapal, the first-ever Indian-American woman to serve in the US House of Representatives, underscored, â€œThe only thing we should be sending to the Presidentâ€™s desk is the Keep Families Together Act because that is the only bill currently that addresses the crisis of family separation and abuse of children.â€
Regarding Trumpâ€™s abrupt change of course by signing an executive order to keep parents and kids together, Jayapal countered, â€œAny notion that the President actually reversed this order (of separating families at the border) is misguided because he didnâ€™t. All heâ€™s done is allow for the indefinite detention of children.â€
Following the hearing, we spoke to Eleni Bakst, an Equal Justice Works Fellow on the Refugee Protection team at Human Rights First, who told us that undocumented immigrants from various countries and backgrounds are being detained in the US, not just the Hispanic, mostly Mexican, majority that one hears about. â€œWe are seeing individuals from India, China, various African countries, in detention facilities,â€ she said.
Bakst informed us that she met two Indian women, both asylum-seekers, detained at a center in Texas. One woman, she mentioned, was in continued detention as her passport was stolen.
At the shadow hearing, Jayapal emphasized the need â€œfor more accountability around detention facility conditions.â€
In her remarks, Democratic Leader Pelosi shared accounts of cruelty and negligence in treating women and child detainees. At times, she was overcome by emotion.
She underscored the importance of protecting the constitution and country, including the borders, â€œin a smart and strong way, not rash and ruthless. We need to protect our borders, but not in a way that puts children in cages,â€ she said.